Monday, September 29, 2014

An experiment to save Latin American forests, made of wood

                        An experiment to save Latin American forests, made of wood

Have you ever thought about how much of the
surrounding furniture is made of wood? Now, multiply that number by the number of homes and offices around the world where there are tables, desks, chairs or stools of this noble material. The formula seems impossible and the number incalculable.

Perhaps the only important equation here is that while wood makes our house a home, often indiscriminate exploitation threatens the conservation of forests, home to other species on the planet.

Latin America and the Caribbean are home to a fifth of the world's forests, with an approximate area of 860 million hectares. Between 1990 and 2010, the region lost more than 10% of these forests, or about 88 million hectares, mainly due to conversion to grazing and cultivation and logging.

If this rate of forest loss continues, Latin America would be without forests in a little over 200 years, warns UN agency for food and agriculture, FAO, the report "The state of forests in the world ".

In some countries, deforestation is much more worrisome than others. For example, Argentina has some 34 million hectares of forest area. The national average of deforestation has been between 0.6 and 0.7% in the last 10 years, almost double that of the rest of Latin America.

Fortunately, deforestation is slowing while improving productivity is wood through various "green" efforts, such as the simple idea that every tree used to be replaced by another.

Other ideas, more complex, but are equally effective coordination of agricultural and livestock activities for biodiversity conservation, and the establishment of intensive forest plantations.

In search of sustainable wood

In the province of Misiones, Argentina, forest plantations occupy more than 10% of the territory and constitute, along with tourism, a major economic activities.

Land of legends and where it says comes from the habit of drinking yerba mate, the Misiones rainforest is one of the most biologically diverse regions of the country. Although it extended to the whole territory of the province, now only occupies 35% due to deforestation and burning for agricultural activities.

Despite its diminished territory Misiones jungle still focuses much of Argentina biodiversity: over 1,500 species of mammals such as the jaguar or yaguareté-, over 500 species of birds and over 300 fish.

In this natural paradise is where Gustavo Zurita, an Argentine biologist specializing in ecology, National University of Misiones, investigating for more than two years ago how native biodiversity contributes to forest plantations.

"The native forest serves as the generation of nutrients and decomposers, which are used for forest plantations. This leads us to value biodiversity not only in itself but also for the functions performed, "he explains.

Zurita's research will contribute to the design of models of forest plantations for the conservation of native biodiversity. "According to our studies, araucaria plantations are essential to prevent the extinction of endangered species such as coludito of Pines (one associated Parana pine ave), but eucalyptus plantations represent by far the worst choice as to their potential for biodiversity conservation, "he says.

Meanwhile, Hugo Fassola forester considers that production and conservation can be compatible. Fassola seeks to optimize the use of wood from forest plantations.

"My job is to assist producers to perform better manage, evaluate the quality of the wood and know how to render your product in the industry," he says.

In certain cases, for example, a serving of less dense forest can produce wood with larger diameters, greater business value and generate more conducive conditions for large mammals.

The two projects are part of the 100 initiatives supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries of Argentina and the World Bank, covering issues of forestry, bioenergy and climate change; and seek to develop knowledge and technology applied to the sustainable production of quality wood.

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

More than 21 structures were damaged

Firefighters struggle to fight fire

 More than 21 structures were damaged

Hundreds of people evacuated their homes on Sunday due to two fires were out of control in California, including one that has affected more than twenty structures near a tourist town next to a lake, authorities said.
Before the fire that began shortly after 1:30 pm local time near the community of Bass Lake, in central California, the authorities ordered 1,000 residents to leave about 400 homes, a spokeswoman for the office said Madera County Sheriff, Erika Stuart.
The Forest Department and California Anticendios Protection (CalFire by its acronym in English) said the flames damaged or destroyed 21 structures. According to The Fresno Bee, a neighborhood was seriously affected; several houses were reduced to ashes and burning embers.
"This is heartbreaking," he told the newspaper CalFire Battalion Chief Chris Christopherson. "The situation makes me sick," he noted.
The affected region is a popular tourist destination
The fire started on a rural road on the outskirts of the community of Oakhurst, located on a hill south of the entrance leading into Yosemite National Park, and extended to the Bass Lake.
Fanned by the wind, the fire burned at least 129 acres (320) CalFire spokesman Daniel Berlant.
The fire is contained by 20%.
The lake region is a popular tourist destination throughout the year. There were reports that the fire had affected the park.
Due to the destruction of fire, Gov. Jerry Brown seeks resources of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to cover 75% of the cost of fighting the fire, local officials said.
Evictions in Sacramento
In the north, 133 homes were evacuated due to a fire reported about 96 kilometers (60 miles) east of Sacramento.
Authorities County Sheriff's Office said El Dorado indicated the occupants of 406 other houses to prepare for eviction.
Berlant said the fire started on Saturday in a remote area, but increase in intensity on Sunday when he swept through the thick, dry brush in a canyon.
The fire has destroyed 10 square kilometers (4.7 square miles) and was contained in 10%.
According to forecasts, the heat wave will last until Tuesday
Meanwhile, in Southern California, were canceled on Sunday night evacuation orders for 200 homes in Silverado Canyon, Orange County, because firefighters had contained the fire by 50%.
Residents were evacuated after the fire started on Friday. The federal Forest Service reduced the burned 6.5 2.8 sq km area (2.5 to 1.5 square miles) due to better survey the fire.
Six firefighters suffered minor injuries, many of them in Southern California, and is in effect a warning of the presence of smoke for parts of Riverside and Orange counties.

Friday, September 12, 2014

The thirteen most dangerous places in the world

 The thirteen most dangerous places in the world

We will discover the 13 most dangerous natural sites in the world. I do not deny that I'm afraid the only them, but these places are worth seeing up close but not so close .... just in case.

These places tend to leave me impressed, especially if you do not know them, they are not suitable for people with heart problems. But if you like to travel like me, sightseeing, meeting new sites and special places they can be.
I always recommend that they be accompanied to these sites with expert guides who know the area. not only can you lose, if you can not have your life. There have been little indiscretions that have not come back. However, they are so special and amazing that you remembered all his life points.
If you get to go share this with everyone, so that even more people will want to go and better if you have good feedback from these very beautiful places. But DANGEROUS.


Here we find the strongest currents in the world, especially when the tide rises. We do not recommend navigate these waters when the situation is so dangerous. This beautiful and dangerous scenario I can find about 30 kilometers from Bodo in Norway.



It has more than 1,200 meters deep and has an incredible lake inside. Many have died expeologos visiting it. This is because if it rains, floods, trapping everyone who is inside.


From a height of over 600 meters. We recommend you only visit if you have long dizziness. The most famous place is the rock among rocks. Hereand is essential to take a picture.


The beauty of this place is only comparable to how dangerous it is to dive in these waters. An excessive pressure can kill anyone who wants to check as "cute" beauty.

 It is located north of Pakistan, on the Hunza River. And as seen in the pictures, only the most daring want to cross, as the woods are not in very good condition. From the bridge you can see the Himalayas, a luxury.
The beautiful resort of Acapulco in Mexico, we find the Quebrada cliff. Young locals defy death with these awesome jumps. The divers must calculate the time the jump well, and that is to match an exact time for the wave to have enough depth in the sea and not crashing to the bottom.
Men themselves from the field, in the region of the Taihang Mountains of China, have built this impressive tunnel literally carved in stone. The pillars are of wood and give a sense of fragility. However spend years and years, and there remains, as a tourist attraction in itself in China.


The incredible shapes that have this route are wonderful, yet dangerous. These forms have been created by torrential waters flitran underground that can leave you stuck if no sales quickly we recommend you look good the weather before visiting.


Among alpinistras comments that is the most dangerous in the world. Only about 300 climbers have conquered the summit, and it says that one in four mountaineers die trying. Quite a challenge.


This crater is all show and calls himself "The Gates of Hell". About 60 meters in diameter and 20 Body Depth. It is said that he was discovered by a group of geologists of the USSR in the 70s and decided to light a flame, has since continued to burn.
This unique forest is not suitable for rock peronas that can easily mislead, only the locals along it without any danger. Its beauty is unmatched.


About 153 meters high waterfall that is famous because many people choose this amazing place for suicide. A magical place and also dangerous.


Crossing the desert is a real feat. Because of this difficulty, in times past many people died trying to cross. Thus began to be called the Valley of Death. Beautiful views in the Cordillera de la Sal. A truly magical place, but dangerous. 

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Good News for NYC Firefighters to get Tracking Devices?

Good News for NYC Firefighters to get Tracking Devices?

William Hamel Russell
A news article I read yesterday has got me excited about the future of firefighting. New York City’s fire department is experimenting with equipping fire firefighters with new radio tracking tags.

If you ask me, this couldn’t have come soon enough – and should be standard operating procedure, not only here in the Big Apple, but across America. The trackers, which cost about $20 each, say the reports, will track my fellow smoke eaters while in the chaos of combating a large, high-risk blaze, where multiple ladder units are on the scene and everyone is running around trying to help out everyone else.

From the report I read, it’s being tried out in New York primarily because of what happened on that tragic day on Sept. 11, 2001. It’s sad that it took such a horrible day to get someone working on this technology – and that is not to say much else could have been done back then – but, as they say, better late than never.

The Navy has developed the trackers, said an article in the Washington Post, and they are about the size of a key. They are apparently to be sown into the front left bunker pocket of a firefighter’s coat. On the back of a fire truck a $1,100 tracker reading picks up the signals of each person on-scene. They will also send the data back to FDNY’s central command center.

The technology allows those coordinating the fire fight to know where each person is at all times, in real-time. The Post article quotes Navy researcher David DeRieux as saying: “(The tracker) just listens and says, 'Okay, 1234, that's Jessica Smith,' so we know Jessica Smith is nearby.”

This is important, as I can tell you from personal experience, as there are a lot firefighting situations where you don’t always know where everyone is – especially during fires in large structures, or if the fire is spread out to multiple sites. And for us, knowing exactly where everyone is all the time can make the difference between life and death.

If testing of the military-developed radio trackers proves successful in New York, let’s hope this new technology is given to emergency responders in other cities across the country as well.

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

The worst fire in the history of The Angeles

 The worst fire in the history of The Angeles

The Sayre fire, also known as the Sylmar fire was a wildfire wildfires in California in November 2008 that led to the destruction of over 489 homes in the Sylmar neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, and considered the "loss of houses by fire" in the history of the city. The fire started at about more than 600 structures, including 480 mobile homes, nine family houses, 104 buildings and 10 commercial buildings. With the loss of more than 600 houses residences, Sayre fire exceeded 484 residences destroyed by fire in 1961 Brentwood- Bel Air.
At 11:00 pm local time on November 17, 2008, the fire had burned more than 10,000 acres, and 40% of the fire was contained, and the fire was headed toward the Los Angeles National Forest, reducing the threat to more populated areas.
Origins and Causes
A day after the winds swept and caused the "fire of Tea" and to destroy 211 homes in Montecito and Santa Barbara, the Sayre fire started in the 13000 block of West Sayre Street in Sylmar, just north of Highway 210 near Veterans Memorial Park Country Park. The fire spread quickly while being fanned by strong Santa Ana winds with hurricane gusts between 80Kmph and 130 Kmph. California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger said weather conditions helped create the "perfect storm" of strong winds, low humidity, high temperatures and dry trees.
On the morning of November 15, 2008, around more than 600 firefighters were battling the fire of Sayre, and increase the number of firefighters to more than 1,100 in the afternoon. Officials said the winds "almost hurricane strength" forced to tanker planes to land. The fire moved west of Sylmar and jeopardized the planned community in Granada Hills Knollwood. The November 15, 2008, at 8:00 am. PDT, Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa declared a state of emergency to the careful, and later that morning Governor Schwarzenegger issued a state of emergency declaration.
The fire caused five wounded. One of the injured was a 40-year-old suffered severe burns. Three firefighters also suffered minor injuries.
The Sayre fire destroyed about 630 structures, including 480 mobile homes, nine family homes, 104 commercial buildings and ten structures. The November 16, 2008, the Los Angeles Times reported that the devastation was "the worst loss of homes due to a fire in the history of Los Angeles" and "seems to be the biggest loss of homes in the history of city ​​of Los Angeles, on passing the 484 homes destroyed in the fire at 1961 Bel Air Bretwood- "Supervisor Zev Yaroslavsky Los Angeles County, a resident said. "This is the worst fire I've experienced since the fire of Bel-Air. The human devastation that is related either those living in mobile homes or houses, is devastating. We can not even begin to measure their losses.
On the morning of November 15, 2008, the Park Oakridge Mobile Homes were the most affected by burning 500 of the 600 mobile homes, and between 40 and 50 severely damaged. The captain of the Fire Department of Los Angeles Steve Ruda said that mobile homes were "burned to ashes" by flames up to 15 meters high. Ruda described the scene as "an absolute fire storm" and added that "houses were consumed in cement and concrete. So hot it was. "Firefighters rescued several people from their mobile homes, and four civilians rescued a disabled woman 300 pounds, he was trapped in his mobile home while the fire broke glass windows.
Approximately on the afternoon of November 15, the Police Department stated that the Los Angeles Mobile Homes Park Oakridge was a "crime scene" and ordered all the press out of the area. No dead or missing person was reported in Oakridge, although the President of the LAPD William Bratton expressed concern that some elderly residents may have died. Cadaver dogs Colonel's office in Los Angeles were a survey of the park November 16, 2008.
The Daily News San Fernando Valley described the Oakride Park, and also parts which had been burned after the 1994 Northridge earthquake, follows.
"With 600 homes, manicured lawns with luxurious amenities, the Oakridge Mobile Home Park was not a park truck. The gated community, which was reduced to ashes by the fire that swept abrazadoras over the hills of Sylmar on Friday night and early Saturday. With a mini golf course, a semi Olympic pool and tennis courts. "It was not just a mobile home (park). "Poganick said Linda, 63, whose house was destroyed. "It was the Beverly Hills of mobile homes."
After efforts in Oakridge, a firefighter made ​​a burned American flag with a broken stick taken from a house that had been destroyed and Oakridge. The fireman was offered as a sign of hope and courage for firefighters.
In a press conference on November 16, 2008, the governor said Schwarnegger homes in the community of Oakridge are consumed "as matches." And called for a review due to the delay by firefighters to mobile homes and fleets.
On 15 November 2008 The Department of the LAPD arrestro five individuals looting in evacuated areas due to fire, E imposed a curfew for minors. A homeowner in Porter Ranch found two women in your property. "Stacking pertencia outside their house and taking them to a green four-door car indignity. "The two women, one of North Hollywood and the other in Sherman Oaks, were arrested and police believe the women may have stolen other homes in other areas.
On the morning of November 15, 2008, officials ordered the mandatory evacuation of residents north of the 210 freeway in Sylmar area. The evacuation zone was expanded to cover more than 10,000 people living in the northern end of the San Fernando Valley in the Sylmar from east to Granada Hills in the west.
The evacuation centers were established at Sylmar High School, San Fernando from Sylmar in the east to Granada Hills in the west.

Monday, August 25, 2014

Studying probability of large earthquakes in California


  Researchers are studying ways in which the two most dangerous faults in Southern California (USA), San Andrés and San Jacinto, can interact to create large earthquakes in the region.

Studying probability of large earthquakes in California_304875
Studying probability of large earthquakes in California_304875 / ABC Color
The researchers stressed that the structure and behavior of faults still not well understood, but have more information could help emergency preparations if attention to the Salton Sea area is provided, and if the San Jacinto fault is monitored, which presents a greater risk to the San Diego area.

The southern San Andreas fault region near the Salton Sea in Imperial County, is one of the sites in North America with the highest odds of having a higher earthquake and one of the most tectonically active places in the country. Researchers at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, the Geological Survey US (USGS, for its acronym in English) and the University of Reno in Nevada conducted studies that reveal the inherent danger to this area.

Neal Driscoll, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, told Efe that in that area earthquake of 7 degrees were presented at the Richter scale roughly every 180 years over the last millennium, and until 335 years have passed since the recently, suggesting that a large earthquake in southern California is imminent.

"Earthquake simulations reveal that shaking of metropolitan areas like Riverside and Los Angeles will be greater in the case of an earthquake propagates from south to north, which according to our research happen if the area of overlapping failures Salton Sea creates a greater trigger for this spread, "Driscoll said.

Friday, August 22, 2014



Many are afraid to travel by air because they consider it a hazardous transportation, however it is very safe, much more than travel by bus or by car, which most people usually choose to move because of distance and cost. If there are two factors that increase the numbers of traffic accidents are reckless behavior of drivers and the poor state of certain routes and roads. This item is one that very reason has earned the moniker of being "The Road of Death", with an average of 209 accidents and 96 people killed per year, giving an average of one incident every 40 hours and died three days.
This route extends for 80 km from La Paz, Bolivia, to the Yungas, north-east of the country. Also known as the road so the Yungas. His journey requires travel about 15 kilometers rising from 3,600 to 4,650 meters above sea level, and then along a 64 km down 3 600 meters above sea level.
The worst traffic accident occurred just there Bolivia on 24 July 1983, when a bus rushed by a cannon, which caused the death of over a hundred passengers.

Why is the most dangerous place in the world?
The road is carved on tap, is narrow and winding. In some parts its width is only three meters and sometimes in the car should go up back to find wide enough to allow passage next to the contrary, all the precipice feet away from the izquierda.Si, porqe unlike what happens normally-are driving backwards. as in Britain and Australia, ie, it ascends and descends left right, skirting the mountain that the weight of loaded trucks do not make the ground yield and disrupts.
While advancing cautiously along this road transit who must also deal with hundreds of sharp turns without guardrails and stones falling down the slope. But the challenge does not end there, the rains are usual, or by smearing the floor with ease, forcing driving on a slippery mud. The maximum stress point is at the height where it overlooks a fog that at times obscures clearly beyond one meter.
The road has these characteristics because it was Built with slave labor of prisoners taken during the Paraguayan War Chacho in the 1930s.
If natural complication is compounded by the fact that public carriers do not usually abide by traffic rules, or subject their vehicles to the required technical reviews and often drunk, sad accident indices are self-explanatory. But even if the rumors are true that the drivers are racing adrenalin or resolve their differences up there with phrases like "on the road we'll see."
For the inhabitants of the areas of northeastern Bolivia circulate this information bothers them because they hold that scare tourists and deny knowing paradisiacal areas of the Amazon jungle, virgin vegetancion, exotic animals, crystal clear rivers and a temperature does not drop 18 degrees in winter.
However, the fact that there is "risk" makes muchso foreigners come for adventure tourism. Especially cyclists who practice mountain Descents. Unfortunately, twenty of them have died since the practice began in activity in the 1990s.
To prevent a greater number of accidents, local authorities decided to build an alternative-route it took them a decade-.But option involves the long straights and extends the path, so that drivers used to the old way they prefer. Beyond these, there is another option genre that in 2011, only 114 accidents and 42 deaths were recorded in The Road of Death. Almost you can say "a breakthrough."