On the afternoon of July 27, 2004 the heat with aplomb caia Berrocal (Huelva). Nobody could imagine then that a tongue of flame would swallow an idyllic landscape of oaks and alconoques. The flames originated in Rio Tinto, devoured everything in their path until calcining 27,839 hectares of 13 municipalities in Huelva and Seville. The fire, caused but not condemned author, surprised a couple who passed away Seville while trying to flee the drama. Flames calcined animals, vegetation and belongings to affect an area of 34,291 acres of public and private mountain in the biggest fire in Andalucia in the last 25 years, only 6,452 hectares of public forest that were as green islands were saved within a bleak picture .
Today the tenth anniversary of the tragedy that struck a mortal nature and the economic development of the peoples concerned commemorates blow. Within two weeks of the fire, the area was declared emergency and promised government investment in green and regain economic activity flourished in parallel.
Between the board and the Ministry of Environment 78 million was invested to remove the burned trees correcion performances in hydrologic properties and prevent the ash from the fire would affect the two reservoirs that supply Huelva, among other measures. However, today is forgetting the feeling prevails among the residents of the area.
Fire spokesman platform ever created after the fire Mas, Juan Romero, censorship: "In Berrocal agreements were signed to restore the mountains for 15 years and the fourth year were dashed." Romero explains that the promise to bring the people of the cork forests are public neglect the second year, while the agreements with the company Ence to swap public eucalyptus forest, "has not heard anything." The Board acknowledges that the negotiations remain open.
In Berrocal two clear example of the projected economic diversification remains mired today: the center of interpretation of the Tinto river that built the Ministry of Environment is still closed, like the nursing board that building.
The mayor, Juan Jesus Bermejo (PSOE), explains that the interpretation center, which cost one million euros, has been delayed because the city council wont changes in the project. These amendments were rejected by the auditor, not I pay the company Tragsa and this in turn culminated not works. The museological project. Finally, last year the central government was to pay and what the building is already finished. "But when we sat down to get it going we have seen that the documentation is not complete." says the mayor, so still not been delivered to the City.
Councilman trusts solve the long delay in a month. "The senior center is completed but the cuts in the law of dependence can not put make up for lack of allocation of positions," he adds. Bermejo appreciates the actions of the government at this time while acknowledging that "not everything has gone as expected."
Romero is most critical and Berrocal complaint is not visible in the result of compensatory actions after an environmental catastrophe ahber this dimension, thereby claiming the "vindictive spirit."
On the contrary, the government contemplated andalz affected area for a future plan which if translated in aid for training, civil works such as roads and hydraulic infrastructures such as the establishment of agricultural risk in some affected areas.
Today the local economy struggles to cope Berrocal. Annual losses in cork production totaled 600,000 kilos per year, of the 12,000 hectares of the municipality, burned about 6,000 of which 2,200 were of cork. Cooperative San Jose Berrocal, who billed 4.8 million between 1996 and 2004, a bill has passed 2.1 million between 2005 and 2013. Figures that puts on the ropes the future of the company according to its president, Juan Ramon Garcia.
Meanwhile, the only suspect in the fire, Emilio Perdigon Panduro, a resident of Rio Tinto, was acquitted for lack of evidence after the trial in 2010 in Huelva PROVINCIONAL Hearing. The statement stressed the "suspicion" of his authorship, but not "full assurance."